Heteronyms- Words Spelled the Same but Pronounced Differently

I’m sorry English is so weird!  The spelling and pronunciation of words is so inconsistent.  There are even words that are spelled the same, but are pronounced differently and mean different things.  These words are called heteronyms:  “hetero-”  means different, and “-onym” means word.

As crazy making as this may seem, there is at least a pattern for some heteronyms. These are two or more syllable words that can be a noun if  stressed on a first syllable or a verb if stressed on the second syllable.  For example : present. Present, stressed on the first syllable, is a gift, as in, “I gave my sister a present for her birthday.”  On the other hand, present, stressed on the second syllable, is a verb meaning to show or demonstrate.  “I have to present a report at the staff meeting.”

Here are more examples:

Her conduct(behavior) was excellent.

The facilitator conducted (managed) the meeting well.

They signed a contract (legal document).

She contracted (got) an illness while on vacation.

The square object (thing) is a box.

She objected to (disagreed with) his statement.

You need a parking permit (document giving permission) to park on this street.

His mother permitted (allowed) him to stay up late.

I need to buy some produce (fruits and vegetables in a store).

The factory produced (makes) cell phones.



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